Tuesday, June 25, 2019

Solution of Class XI- Meaning Into Words (Compulsory English)- Unit 2

Solution of Class XI- Meaning Into Words (Compulsory English)- Unit 2
Unit- 2
Decisions and Intentions
Will & Going to
Key Points:
1.      ‘I’ll’ for spontaneous decisions
2.      Verbs expressing intentions and plans- ‘going to’, intending to, planning to and thinking of v-ing
3.      Present continuous tense for definite arrangements
[I think I’ll / Perhaps I’ll/ Maybe I’ll I don’t think I’ll / Perhaps I won’t / Maybe I won’t] Decide to do / not to do these things, and add a reason.
1.               To have a beer
I think I’ll have a beer. I’m thirsty.
2.               Not to have a beer
I don’t think I’ll have a beer. I feel cold.
3.               To write to your mother
Perhaps I’ll write to mother. She’s worried about me.
4.               Not to go out tonight
Maybe I won’t go out tonight. I feel tired.
5.               To learn to drive
I think I’ll learn to drive. My father has bought a car.
6.               Not to have any more to eat
I don’t think I’ll have any more to eat. I felt unwell.
7.               Not to give up smoking
Perhaps I won’t give up smoking. All my friends are smokers.
8.               To go swimming
Maybe I’ll go swimming. It’s very hot today.
9.               To have a party
I think I’ll have a party. I have passed the exam.
10.          Not to invite Jane to your party
I don’t think I’ll invite Jane to your party. She’s my rival.
Now, add a decision to these remarks.
1.               I’ m getting too much fat. – I think I’ll go on a diet.
2.               I’m fed up with my job. – Perhaps I’ll go to Pokhara on holiday.
3.               She seems very friendly. – Maybe she’ll join my college.
4.               I’m a bit- tired tonight. – Perhaps I won’t go to office tomorrow. 
5.               I really must try and get rid of this cough. – I think I’ll go to the doctor’s tomorrow.
6.               I hope they’re not worried about me. – Perhaps I won’t phone them.  
7.               I’ve had enough of these mice running about all over the flat. – Maybe I’ll buy mousetraps tomorrow.
Changing your mind (Practice):
1.      A decides to ask Maria (or Mario) out.
A: I think I’ll ask Maria out.
B: Don’t do that. She’s not friendly.
A: Is she? Well, in that case I’ll take Rita out instead.
C: Rita? Don’t be silly- she’s quite selfish.
A Is she? Oh, well in that case perhaps I’ll go alone.
D: Alone? Don’t do that- It’s quite boring.
2.      A decides to give George a tie for his birthday.
A: I think I’ll give a tie for his birthday. 
B: Don’t do that. He has a lot of ties.
A: Has he? Well, in that case I’ll give him a watch instead.
C: Watch? Don’t be silly- he doesn’t like it at all.
A Doesn’t he? Oh, well in that case perhaps I’ll give a shirt.
D: Shirt? Don’t do that- he has many shirts.
3.      A decides to go on holiday to London.
A: I think I’ll go on holiday to London.
B: Don’t go to London. It’s expensive.
A: Is it? Well, in that case I’ll go to Wales instead.
C: Wales? Don’t be fool- it’s more expensive.
A: Is it? Oh, well in that case perhaps I’ll go to Devon.
D: Devon? Don’t go there too- it’s far more expensive.
4.      A decides to buy a Mercedes.
A: I think I’ll ask Maria out.
B: Don’t do that. It’s very expensive.
A: Is it? Well, in that case I’ll buy a Toyota instead.
C: Toyota? Don’t be silly- it’s not durable.
A Is it? Oh, well in that case perhaps I’ll buy a Suzuki.
D: Suzuki? Don’t do that- It’s not easy to drive.
5.      A decides to spend the evening in Anabelle’s discotheque.
A: I think I’ll spend the evening Anabelle’s discotheque.
B: Don’t do that. None of us likes it.
A: Don’t we? Well, in that case I’ll go to Juneli Restaurant.
C: Juneli Restaurant? Don’t be silly- It’s terribly expensive.
A Is it? Oh, well in that case perhaps I’ll go to the youth club.
D: Youth club? Don’t do that- It’s closed in the evening.
Intentions and Plans (Practice):
Intentions and Plans are expressed using ‘going to’, intending to, planning to and thinking of v-ing’.
What do you think the following people are going to? Talk about their intentions using: [‘going to’, intending to, planning to and thinking of v-ing’]
1.      Roger has decided that he doesn’t earn enough money.
He’s going to look for a better job. He’s thinking of speaking to his boss about it. He’s planning to do a second job in the evenings. He’s intending to ask for some money from his parents.
2.      Wendy has decided that her life isn’t exciting enough.
She’s going to join the circus company. She’s intending to become a journalist. She’s planning to go abroad. She’s thinking of changing her present job.
3.      Grandfather had decided that it’s not safe to keep his money under his mattress.
He’s going to deposit it in his bank account. He’s going to buy shares. He’s planning to run a business.
4.      The Robinsons are worried because their house is full of valuable antiques.
They’re going to build high walls around their house. They’re intending to hire two guards. They’re planning not to leave the house all at a time. They’re thinking of requesting the government to protect them.
5.      Janet has just bought 100 kilos of cheese.
She’s going to hire a porter to take it home. She’s intending to return 75 kilos. She’s planning to eat all up within four months. She’s thinking of giving some of it to her mother.
6.      Alex has taken all of his money out of his bank account.
7.      He’s going to travel round Europe. He’s intending to buy a car. He’s planning to invest it in a finance company. He’s thinking of helping the poor.
Making Money (Practice):
Write a paragraph, explaining what you and your partner are planning to do to make money.
I’m intending to open my own tea-shop. Right now, I don’t have enough money to do that. So, I’ve decided to borrow some money from my father. I’ve also decided to work in a tea-shop of a friend of mine. After a month or two, I’ll have enough experience to do the business successfully. But my partner is thinking of establishing a hotel. His father is rich enough and has promised to invest all the money that will be necessary. He’s planning to study hotel management for six months at Hotel Management Training Centre.
Arrangements (Practice):
Structure- is/am/are + v-ing
1.      Samira: What time are we leaving?
Ludwig: We are leaving at 8:45 in the morning.
2.      Samira: Are we stopping to see Coventry Cathedral on the way?
Ludwig: No, we aren’t.
3.      Samira: Are we stopping anywhere on the way?
Ludwig: Yes, we are stopping for coffee at Buckingham.
4.      Samira: When are we arriving at Stratford?
Ludwig: At 12.
5.      Samira: Where are we having lunch?
Ludwig: At Riverside Restaurant.
6.      Samira: Are we visiting Shakespeare’s birthplace?
Ludwig: Yes, of course.
7.      Samira: Are we doing anything in the afternoon?
Ludwig: Nothing special.
8.      Are we having dinner together?
Ludwig: No, it’s not necessary, but we must have it before the show.
9.      Samira: Which play of Shakespeare are we seeing?
Ludwig: King Lear.
10. Samira: Are we starting back straight after the performance?
Ludwig: Yes, we are.
11. Samira: Are we stopping on the way back?
Ludwig: No, we aren’t.
Your Own Plans (Practice):
Talk about your own arrangements and plans for the future.
1.      After this lesson
A: What are you doing after this lesson?
B: I’m having a tea.
2.      Tonight
A: Where are you going tonight?
B: I’m watching my favorite TV show.
3.      Next weekend
A: What are you doing next weekend?
B: I’m visiting my cousins.
4.      When this course has finished
A:  What are you doing upper intermediate course when this course has finished?
B: Yes, I’m intending to do upper intermediate course.
5.      Next year
A: What are you doing next year?
B: I’m going to Delhi.