Saturday, April 16, 2022

NEB Grade XII Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit- 10 Presenting Yourself | Rebecca Boden, Debbie Epstein & Jane Kenway

Unit 10

NEB Grade XII Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit- 10 Presenting Yourself | Rebecca Boden, Debbie Epstein & Jane Kenway

Presenting Yourself

Working with words

A. Complete the sentences with the correct words.

a. You must learn about 2000 Kanji to develop …………….. in spoken Japanese language.
...
Answer:
competence

b. I can type both English and Nepali but not as fast as……………..typists.

...
Answer:

Professional


c. When she was in class eight, she got the …………….to participate in a national painting competition.

...
Answer:

opportunity


d. The Prime Minister gave a long list of his …………………..

...
Answer:

achievement


e. He spent many years in jail before reaching the …………of a minister.

...
Answer:

position


f. About fifty workers were made ………because of the financial crisis in the factory.

...
Answer:

redundant


g. He is affiliated to the World Bank as a senior………………..

...
Answer:

consultant


h. They registered my application after making……………of my documents.
...
Answer:

verification


i. I requested my teacher to be my ……………in my CV.
...
Answer:

referee


j. To make our country self-sustained in food production is …………need at present.
...
Answer:

imperative


B. Define the following employment-related terms and use them in the sentences of your own.

volunteering- working for an organization without being paid.

Volunteering is an easy way to get involved in practical conservation.

on the job training- while working; at work.

Learning on the job should be part of studying.

career opportunity- a particular job that may be a steppingstone to loftier ambitions

He said that the gaming industry offered enormous career opportunities.

skill development- The acquisition of practical competencies, know-how and attitudes necessary to perform a trade or occupation in the labour market.

The NGO focuses on participatory development and works mainly towards skill development.

apprenticeship- the position of a trainee

He served his apprenticeship as a fitter.

career counselling- a process that helps the students and professionals understand the career opportunities and options available

They oversee career counseling programs, and testing which measures students’ abilities and helps place them in appropriate classes.

credentials- the abilities and experience that make someone suitable for a particular job or activity, or proof of someone's abilities and experience

Her boss ordered a cup of coffee and showed her his credentials, but she hardly glanced at them.

human capital- the skills, knowledge, and experience possessed by an individual or population, viewed in terms of their value or cost to an organization or country

Investment in education is seen as the key to improving human capital and building the capacity for future economic development.

internship- a period of time spent receiving or completing training at a job as a part of becoming qualified to do it Our company is prepared to offer an internship to the right candidate.

soft skills- abilities that relate to how you work and how you interact with other people

It is known that the success of any business is very closely tied to the entrepreneur's soft skills.

minimum wage- the lowest wage permitted by law or by a special agreement

We want the government to set the price of goods and guarantee a minimum wage so as not to put profits above the needs of the people.

recruitment- the process of finding people to work for a company or become a new member of an organization

An excellent career opportunity has now arisen with a leading recruitment agency.

role model- a person looked to by others as an example to be imitated

She was a great role model and indeed a great mentor to me.

aptitude- a natural ability to do something

From her early years she showed great aptitude for study.

assessment- a consideration of someone or something and a judgment about them

The owners claimed the tax assessment on their house was too high.

C. Based on their pronunciation, divide the following words into two groups so that the vowel sounds rhyme with here and hare.

here- fear, beer, ear, leer, cheer, sheer, shear, deer, dear, clear, sneer, gear, mere

hare- fare, bear, fair, share, care, heir, air, lair, chair, tear (n.), tear (v.), mare, dare, snare

Comprehension

Answer the following questions.

a. What does a CV mean and why is it important in one’s career?

Curriculum vitae is a Latin term that literally means ‘course of life’. It is important because it is a document that sets out a whole host of your personal details, experience and achievements as they relate to your working life.

b. Does the same CV work for all job opportunities? Why or why not?

No, the same CV doesn’t work for all job opportunities because we may shape slightly different versions of our CV for different purposes.

c. What are the different areas where CV can help you?

The different areas where CV can help us are:

applying for jobs

seeking promotion

trying to get research funding

being an external examiner for a course or a research thesis

audits of teaching and research activity

d. What do you mean by ‘staying CV’ and ‘leaving CV’? Which one would you develop for yourself as a freshman?

Staying CV- A ‘staying CV’ is that of the good university citizen, including plenty of committee work and administration, pastoral care of students, a heavy teaching load as well as a credible research record.

Leaving CV - A ‘leaving CV’ will reflect the interests of a prospective new employer and will probably highlight research achievements, while still showing that you are generally competent and willing across the range of duties undertaken by academics.

d. How can you draft a good CV?

We can draft a good CV by:

- Putting off starting to establish a basic framework

- ensuring that all our on-going work activities are recorded and not forgotten

- Enlisting the help of friends, family, mentors and more experienced colleagues

f. What is the difference between academic CV and non-academic CV.

Academic CVs tend to be quite a bit longer than those of non-academics, and they get longer as a person’s career develops. A second, and perhaps more fundamental, difference is that non-academics, especially when they are seeking middle management positions, are frequently encouraged to make largely unverifiable assertions about their qualities and skills rather than to list verifiable achievements. Academic CVs should never make vague or unsubstantiated assertions.

Critical thinking

a. CV may not represent a person’s skills and abilities accurately because one’s confidence cannot be rendered in a paper. What do you think the employers should do to find the best people for the job?

CV may not represent a person’s skills and abilities accurately because one’s confidence cannot be expressed in a paper. Employers should communicate with the candidates effectively. Oral and written communication is a key skill needed in almost every job. They should actively look for this skill in potential employees.


Employers should ask behavioral-based interview questions. Those are often a good way to determine if a candidate has what it takes to make a real impact on the business or if the candidate is only capable of playing a supporting role. Depending on the nature of the job, employer could ask candidates for work samples. It helps the employers to know the real capacity of the candidates.


Some qualities to look for in candidates include authenticity, confidence, and honesty. Those qualities can help separate the good from the great hires.

b. If the employers provide job opportunity by assessing one’s CV, how can fresh graduates compete with the experienced competitors?

For fresh graduates it’s not easy to compete with experienced candidates for the jobs. Their goal is to show that they’re a great fit for the job, not that they’re better than everybody else. Beyond years of work experience, there’s a lot one can do to make himself or herself a more attractive job candidate.


Someone else might have more years of experience or worked at various companies, but that doesn’t mean they are right for the job. There are so many other factors including chemistry, rightness of fit, type of experience, leadership qualities, enthusiasm, conscientiousness, communication skills and reliability, that help inexperienced candidates. If possible, fresh graduates should engage in volunteer work.

Writing and Grammar Part

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