Friday, June 17, 2022

NEB Grade XII Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit- 11 On Walking (Hobbies)

Unit 11

NEB Grade XII Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit- 11 On Walking (Hobbies)

On Walking

Working with words

A. Find the words from the text which have the following meanings.

a. a wave-like motion- undulation

b. to make or do something again exactly in the same way- replicate

c. decayed, deteriorated, or fallen into partial ruin especially through neglect or misuse- dilapidated

d. a bright, smooth surface- sheen

e. the feeling of having no energy and enthusiasm- listlessness

f. a state of noise, commotion and confusion- cacophonous

g. being alone, often by choice- solitude

h. to regard with respect, often tinged with awe - revere

i. said in a way that is not direct, so that the real meaning is not immediately clear - oblique

B. Find the meaning of the following words from a dictionary.

sophisticated- complicated

conscious- aware of something

blistering- done very fast or with great energy

proximity - the state of being near somebody or something

invisible -that cannot be seen


Answer the following questions.

a. What is the author’s favourite hobby? Why does she like it so much?

Walking is the author’s favourite hobby. She likes it so much because to her it is the beginning of travel and it initiates the movement, the rhythm, the undulation of the senses and of the body.

b. What sorts of roads did the writer prefer to walk on when she was very young?

When she was very young, the writer prefered to walk on roads that were unpaved and uneven, like the paths around her mamaghar.

c. How did walking give the author and her classmates a sense of freedom?

Walking gave the author and her classmates a sense of freedom as they rebeled against their regimented routine and found their own way after they had stayed back for some after-school activity and the buses had left.

d. In what ways were the roads in Kathmandu different from the ones in Sydney?

The roads were in Kathmandu is different from the ones in Sydney as streets in Sydney were far quieter and organized when compared to the cacophonous streets of Kathmandu.

e. How did walking help the author in the new country?

Walking helped the author in the new country to navigate not only the place where she was to spend the next few years of her life, but also the renewed circumstances of her life and the changes that would inevitably stamp themselves on her psyche.

f. What were the treasures of Petersham, where the writer lived with her family?

The treasures of Petersham, where the writer lived with her family were a tiny park where no one visited was a minute down the road, and a huge rock at one end of another park.

g. What things became her permanent friends with whom she could share her feelings?

The things that became her permanent friends with whom she could share her feelings were the earth, the sky, the trees, and water.

h. Why did she feel that she had travelled to ‘a desert, to emptiness’ as she went to the United States?

She felt that she had travelled to ‘a desert, to emptiness’ as she went to the United States because there was no footing to be had, and walking was perhaps the healthiest way to seek that lost footing.

i. Why did the author eventually feel that the strange city was known to her?

The author eventually felt that the strange city was known to her because she never stopped feeling a sense of hesitation before walking into the doors of its buildings and houses,

j. How did walking make her feel at home with different places she visited?

Walking made her feel at home with different places she visited because the air, the light, the sounds of birds and insects, or machines were the same everywhere.

Critical thinking

a. Do you believe that walking helps us understand ourselves? Give reasons in support of your opinion.

Walking is a great way to explore new places, get some exercise and also helps us understand ourselves better. It’s often said that walking is the best possible natural antidepressant. Studies show that people who walk regularly are happier, healthier and even live longer than those who don’t. Walking is also an excellent way to keep in shape as it tones our muscles and improves our cardiovascular system.

The benefits of walking are numerous and not always obvious. Walking is a form of exercise that is not only good for our physical health but also for our mental health. We walk around the world and we get to see the different perspectives that people have on life. We are able to understand ourselves better when we walk.

We can use walking as an opportunity to be more mindful about what we are doing and how we are feeling. Walking is also a chance for introspection and reflection, which can be difficult in other settings.

b. Think of one of your hobbies. How does this hobby relate to your psyche and self?

My Hobby

Hobbies are the things that we do in our free time to relax and have fun. They can be something like reading, playing games, or doing arts and crafts. For me, my hobby is writing.

I write because I love it. It's a way to express myself and share my thoughts with the world. It's also a way for me to get out of my head for a little bit and focus on something else besides work or school. Writing is one of the few things that I can control in my life because it's just up to me what I want to say and how I want to say it.

c. Many people turn their hobbies into careers. Is it good to turn one's hobby into a career?

A hobby is something that we do in our spare time. It can be a sport, an activity, or just something that we enjoy doing. A hobby career is when a person's hobby becomes their full-time job.

People who have turned their hobbies into careers are usually successful in making their passions profitable because they know what they want out of life. They don't just do something because it's easy or safe, but rather take chances on things that inspire them.

It's possible to turn our hobby into a full-time job and make it our career. We may need to take the time to learn more about the industry that we're interested in, or develop new skills and experience. There are many people who have made their hobby into a profession and are earning a living from it. If we have the talent, passion, and dedication for something then there is no reason why we shouldn’t make it your career.


Write an essay on the advantages of morning walk.

Advantages of Morning Walk

A study has found that 1 hour of brisk walking in the morning can increase our life expectancy by 2 hours. A morning walk is a wonderful way of starting the day. It is not only beneficial for our physical health but also for our mental health.

An early morning walk helps in reducing stress levels and improve mental health. It has been found that people who do morning walks are less likely to suffer from anxiety, depression or stress-related illnesses. It also helps in improving creativity and memory power as it stimulates the brain cells while increasing the blood flow to the brain cells.

Walking in the morning is a mild and beneficial exercise and best for physical fitness. Morning air that is fresh and pure is beneficial for the body and lungs. The early rays of the rising sun are good for healthy skin. Morning walk helps us to get rid of obesity and improve our level of sugar, cholesterol and blood.

To sum up, walking briskly in the morning can never cause adverse health effects. Instead, it keeps people physically and mentally fit. It boosts our energy and mood, and it can even improve our health. People of all age groups should make a morning walk a part of their daily routine.


Passive voice

B. Change the following sentences into passive voice.
a. I want someone to love me.
I want to be loved.

b. Someone broke into our house while we were on holiday.
Our house was broken into while we were on holiday.

c. I don’t like people staring at me.
I don't like being stared at.

d. Is it true that someone stole your car?
Is it true that your car was stolen.

e. The cat enjoys someone tickling him.
The cat enjoys being tickled.

f. Would Swostika open the window?
Would the window be opened by Swostika?

g. Did they confess the crime?
Was the crime confessed?

h. He thinks that someone is teaching Jennie.
He is thought to be teaching Jennie.

i. Sabina hates people laughing at her.
Sabina hates being laughed at.

C. Complete the following sentences.

a. English people think that the number thirteen is unlucky.

The number thirteen…………………………unlucky by English people.

The number thirteen is thought be unlucky by English people.

b. What are you wearing for the wedding?

Actually, I am having……………………………………….. (a suit make).

They will give it tomorrow.

Actually, I am having a suit made.

c. The carpet in our drawing room is very dirty.

It needs ………………………………. (clean).

It needs to be cleaned. (clean).

d. There are rumours that the factory at the corner is manufacturing bombs.

The factory at the corner is rumoured……………………………………

The factory at the corner is rumoured to be manufacturing bombs.

e. Some people believe that Silajit from Jumla cures all indigestion problems.

Silajit from Jumla………………………………..all digestion problems.

Silajit from Jumla is believed to cure all digestion problems.

f. People claim that Changu Narayan temple is the oldest temple in Nepal.

Changu Narayan temple…………………………………the oldest temple in Nepal.

Changu Narayan temple is claimed to be the oldest temple in Nepal.

g. A: Your car is making a terrible noise.

B: Thank you. I am not a mechanic and I will…………soon. (repair).

I am not a mechanic and I will get it repaired soon.

h. The police suspect that the criminal left the country.

The criminal ……………………………………….the country.

The criminal is suspected to have left the country.

i. A: Where are you going?

B: I am going to the stationery to get……………(my document /photocopy)

I am going to the stationery to get my document photocopied.

j. People allege that the corrupt leader has embezzled millions of rupees.

The leader………………………..millions of rupees.

The leader is alleged to have embezzled millions of rupees.

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