Thursday, April 27, 2023

Class 10 English Solution New Course | Unit 9 Flowers in Russian Culture-II

Unit 9
Class 10 English Solution New Course | Unit 9 Flowers in Russian Culture-II

Reading II

Flowers in Russian Culture

A. Find out the single words for the following meanings.

a. a strong, usually pleasant smell- aroma

b. different colours of paint, especially as used by an artist-palette

c. to a great degree- immensely

d. lasting only a short time-fleeting

e. the act or process of producing children or baby animals-procreation

f. enclose (something) in or as if in a capsule-encapsulate

g. a type of treatment which involves massaging the body with special fragrant oils- aromatherapy

h. causing to be kept away-repellent

i. to be a sign of something that will happen in the future-foreshadow

B. Words like gift-giving, heartwarming, cardboard, etc., are compound words. Make a list of such compound words from the text.









C. Complete the sentences below with the correct information from the text.

a. People do not care which flowers they are receiving as long as the flowers are beautiful and they give......a pleasant aroma.....

b. Flowers are gifted worldwide to express and affection......

c. Following the strict flower...etiquette.... while gifting flowers in Russia saves you from offending people.

d. Red carnations symbolise.....the 1917 February Revolution...produced by the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party of Bolsheviks.

e. Russian people believe that the white carnation....symbolizes bad omens..... so, we should not gift them to performers.

f. Russian people do not gift red puppy flowers to their ....beloved ones....... because they think if they do so their love becomes weak.

g. When Russians want break-up from their beloved ones they gift ...a bunch of yellow flowers........

h. Chamomiles have ....medicinal....... values so they can be used for the treatment of fatal diseases.

i. We should not gift a white lily bouquet in a Russian wedding as it symbolises ....death.......

D. Answer these questions.

a. Mention any two reasons for which people gift flowers to others.

- Flowers are a staple item in the gift - giving world.

- They are a thoughtful gestures of good will.

b. How do people feel when they are gifted flowers?

People feel happy, loved, and appreciated when they receive flowers.

c. What determines the selection of flowers for gifting in Russia?

The selection of flowers for gifting in Russia is determined by flower etiquette, which includes the meanings and symbolism associated with different flowers.

d. Which event in Russian history is reflected by the red carnation?

The red carnation symbolizes the 1917 October Revolution produced by the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party of Bolsheviks.

e. Does a Russian like to keep a white carnation under his her pillow? Why?

No, a Russian does not like to keep a white carnation under their pillow because it is believed to symbolize death.

f. What's the reason for connecting the red puppy with fragile love?

The red puppy is connected with fragile love because Russian people believe that giving red puppy flowers to their sweethearts weakens their love.

g. What makes the Russian people eat red puppy seeds in their wedding?

Eating red puppy seeds in their wedding is believed to bring happiness and fertility to the newlyweds.

h. Do you prefer to grow chamomile in your garden? Why?

Yes, I do. Chamomile is a popular flower due to its medicinal properties and is easy to grow in a garden.

i. What colour is chamomile?

Chamomile is typically white with yellow centers.

j. Write the names of two flowers used for fortune telling.

Two flowers commonly used for fortune telling are chamomile and lily.

k. Which flower is mostly used in Russian weddings?

The flower mostly used in Russian weddings is the white lily.

E. Do you know other flowers that are commonly used for gifting? Write the names of those flowers and the occasions on which they are gifted.








Grammar Il

A. Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb in the brackets.

a. The children .. . five minutes ago. (arrive)


b. Ramchandra........ the ticket before he went to the cinema. (buy)

had bought

c. Alexander....... one-fourth of the world before he was thirty. (conquer)


d. When she came out of the airport, nobody . . . . for her. (wait)

was waiting

f. I found a thousand rupee note in my pants pocket while (wash)

was washing

g. Somebody my door while I was taking a rest. (knock)


h. Every year, he .........some money which he spent to buy a new house. (save)


i.I ........... my breakfast before I went to work. (have)

was having

j. The train........ before we reached the station. (leave)

had left

B. Complete the story below with the correct form of the verbs given in the brackets.

A young lady ....entered.. a shop in Birendranagar, Surkhet. She ....put... a few items of food in a bag. She....chose.... a time when not many people ...were... there in the street. She...waited.. for the moment when no one else would see her running away. When the shopkeeper ..checked.. the goods, she gave him a thousand-rupee note. As soon as the shopkeeper ...opened... the box, she...snatched.... all the money from it. Meanwhile, she of the shop before the shopkeeper....realised... what ..had..happened... When the shopkeeper .....checked ...... the amount in the box, he .....found.... (find) that the thief ...had taken......(take) only Rs. 450. As the thief...had...left.... (leave) a thousand-rupee note behind, the operation ....cost... her Rs. 550.

Writing II

A. Write a story using the outlines given below.

The Bat, the Birds, and the Beasts a great conflict between the birds and the beasts .... ...two armies collected together .......... the bat refuses to join ....... says he is a beast .......... beasts request.......... says he is a bird . . peace made, no battle . ....... rejoicing ..........bat wishes to join both turn against him ..... threaten to tear into pieces.......... bat flies away....... moral

The Bat, the Birds, and the Beasts

Once upon a time, in a vast forest, there was a great conflict brewing between the birds and the beasts. Both sides were determined to prove their superiority over the other, and two armies had collected together, preparing for battle.

As the tension grew, the bat, who had always been a friend to both the birds and the beasts, refused to join either side. When asked why, he simply replied that he was a beast, and therefore could not side with the birds. However, when the beasts requested him to join them, he stated that he was a bird, and hence could not fight against them.

After much deliberation, the birds and the beasts finally agreed to make peace and avoid a deadly battle. They rejoiced at the prospect of living in harmony once again. However, as the celebrations were going on, the bat approached both the birds and the beasts, eager to join in the festivities.

To his dismay, both sides turned against him, angry at his refusal to help them during the conflict. They threatened to tear him into pieces for his betrayal, and the bat, afraid for his life, flew away, never to return.

Moral; Take a stand and choose your side, or risk the consequences of indecision.

B. Write a story that begins with the sentence 'One warm summer afternoon an old owl was dozing when a grasshopper disturbed it with a very raspy song.'

The Old Owl and the Grasshopper

One warm summer afternoon an old owl was dozing when a grasshopper disturbed it with a very raspy song. The owl opened one eye and peered down at the grasshopper, who was hopping around energetically. "What do you want?" asked the owl, irritated at being disturbed from his nap.

"I'm just singing because I'm happy," replied the grasshopper, still bouncing around.

"Well, your singing is disturbing my peace," said the owl. "Why don't you go bother someone else?"

The grasshopper looked up at the owl, still bouncing, and said, "But I'm just doing what makes me happy. Shouldn't I be allowed to do that?"

The owl thought for a moment before replying, "Of course you should be allowed to do what makes you happy, but not if it interferes with others' peace and quiet. You have to be considerate of those around you."

The grasshopper stopped bouncing and looked thoughtful. "I never thought about it that way," he said. "I'll be more mindful of others from now on."

With that, the grasshopper hopped away, and the owl settled back into his nap, pleased to have taught a valuable lesson.

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