Friday, October 16, 2020

NEB Grade XI Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit-3 Social Media: Its Influence and Control over People’s Lives (Part 2)

NEB Grade XI Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit-3 Social Media: Its Influence and Control over People’s Lives (Part 2)

Unit: 3

Social Media: Its Influence and Control over People’s Lives

Comprehension

B. Answer these questions.

a. How do you define social media?
...
Answer:
Social media can be defined as a collective term for websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in the building of virtual networks and communities.

b. Social media has been an integral part of modern life. How?
...
Answer:
Social media has been an integral part of modern life as it helps us to communicate with people around the world, gives us the chance to send and receive information, and get many updates from people following and being a part of a new marketing strategy.

c. Why do people use Facebook and YouTube?
...
Answer:
Facebook permits one to keep in touch with faraway family and friends, share photos and information, and get the news updated. On YouTube, people can watch and share videos.

d. What is a blog? How can it be beneficial to us?
...
Answer:
A blog is an informational website where a person writes regularly about recent events or topics that interest him/her. It can be beneficial to us as it allows us to share “what we think” about articles, pictures, videos and so on.

e. Was Prita’s intention bad when she sent a message to her friends?
...
Answer:
No, it wasn’t. She just tried to remind her friends to be more selective in choosing the hospital and to be more careful in accepting many kinds of services.

f. How did Prita's message become a big problem?
...
Answer:
Prita's message became a big problem after her friend shared it to a website (The People’s Forum) which so many read and commented about the issue.

g. Why was she convicted by the court?
...
Answer:
She was convicted by the court for violating the law about using the ICT.

h. What was the purpose of the campaign, “Bantu Bebaskan Prita”?
...
Answer:
The purpose of the campaign “Bantu Bebaskan Prita" was for collecting the money to help Prita so that she could pay the amercement.

i. How are people stronger than social media?
...
Answer:
People are stronger than social media as they can easily think before they act and think before they speak.

Critical thinking

a. Does social media have positive impact in the society? Discuss.

Social media has positive impact in the society. The platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc. have assisted us to connect ourselves to family members, friends and relatives though they are in different corners of the world. These social networking sites support people to share pictures and videos, and communicate with their close ones. This makes our relationships stronger and brings families together in a way that was impossible in the past.


Professional websites and official organization web -pages create numerous chances to explore the world, learn new facts and read the newest survey results, reports, etc. There is a remarkable increase in online learning and build a strong profession around it. It is interesting to mention that the person who involves in businesses can be benefited from social media, too. Online promotions are less costly than consistent ads on TV and newspapers. On the other hand, they give a chance to reach the bigger audience and find active customers across the world. Through interaction with customers and feedbacks given by them, business persons can understand the status of market and embrace new strategies to meet the customer's tastes and demands. Nowadays, e-commerce and digital marketing are popular.


Social media allows the users to share their thoughts and views, create their own content and receive the latest information and news. Also, finding a job and hiring the employees required, using social networking are in easy reach. In fact, everything looks easier to do with social media.

b. How do you compare virtual communication and face-to-face communication?

Communication comprises a sender, message and recipient. This process will be completed when the receiver comprehends the sender's message. To make conversations more comfortable and convenient people use either of the methods- virtual and face-to-face.


In virtual communication a recipient doesn’t need to be present. It lets us talk to people no matter what location they’re in. It is more likely to be non-verbal. Using virtual communication helps us to keep in touch with the people even if they are busy and not able to meet up. Various social networking sites and apps are common platforms to have virtual communication. It’s easier to organize and share all of the information we want when we communicate virtually.


Face-to-face communication needs both the sender and the recipient to be present, and response immediately. When we talk to somebody face-to-face, we can actively notice their level of attention in our conversation. It helps us build personal relationship and socialize. It prevents our communicating skill to be rusty. With our body language and tone, we can express what we want to talk about very precisely. Message can be easily understood by the concerned parties as both verbal and non-verbal ways are used in face-to-face communication. It is better for illiterate person as they don't understand written messages. Conversation on the telephone or cell phone and chatting through internet are oral communication but cannot be termed as face to face communication.

Writing

Cyber Bullying

Cyber bullying is one of the major problems of today's youth. It is also known as online bullying. This type of crime has been facilitated by devices such as cell phones, computers, and tablets. Cyber bullying is a widespread phenomenon through which children, teens, or even adults are intentionally targeted, humiliated, tortured or threatened.


Harmful bullying activities may include rumors, threats, posting sexual comments, sharing the victim's personal information or hate speech. Social networking sites, SMS, email and online gaming are often found to be used for bullying.


Cyber bullying can cause many complications for victims. When bullying goes online, victims feel unsafe even inside their home. It is really hard to avoid. Since its effect can last for a long time, it hurts the person mentally, emotionally and physically. The victim may experience low self-esteem, even suicidal tendencies, and a variety of negative emotional reactions.


If we feel somebody is bullying us, the first step is to seek help from our parents, a close family member, or a trusted adult. If we are in danger, we should contact the police. Laws against cyber bullying, are relatively new and still don’t exist everywhere. This is the reason why many countries rely on other relevant laws to punish cyberbullies. For preventing the bullying, it needs to be identified and reported. We are required to be thoughtful about what we share or say that can hurt others.

Part 3

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