Tuesday, September 29, 2020

NEB Grade XI Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit-1 Education First (Part-1)

NEB Grade XI Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit-1 Education First (Part-1)
Unit: 1

Education and Humanity

Education First

Ways with words

A. Find the words from the text which mean the following.

a. a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission
...
Answer:
envoy

b. the state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect
...
Answer:
dignity

c. harm done to someone in response to harm
...
Answer:
revenge

d. a person who holds extreme views in political or religious matters
...
Answer:
extremist

e. sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others
...
Answer:
compassion

f. a person who is believed to speak for God
...
Answer:
prophet

g. the study of the nature of knowledge, reality and existence
...
Answer:
philosophy

h. the use of physical force so as to injure, abuse, damage or destroy
...
Answer:
violence

i. an unreasonable dislike of a particular group of people or things
...
Answer:
prejudice

B. Match the words on the left with their opposite meanings on the right.

  1. honour - disgrace

  2. innocent- guilty

  3. brutality- kindness

  4. forgiveness - punishment

  5. illiteracy - literacy

C. Using dictionary

a. Study the dictionary entry above and answer these questions.

i. What is the headword in the first entry?
...
Answer:
Humanity

ii. How many meanings of the word ‘humanity’ are given?
...
Answer:
Four
  1. people in general
  2. the state of being a person rather than a god, an animal or a machine
  3. the quality of being kind to people and animals by making sure that they do not suffer more than is necessary
  4. the subjects of study that are about the way people think and behave, for example literature, language, history and philosophy

iii. What do the abbreviations U, OPP, pl, and sth stand for?
...
Answer:

U- uncountable

OPP- opposite

pl- plural

sth- something


iv. What is the British English spelling of ‘humanize’?
...
Answer:
humanise

v. How is the word ‘humanize’ pronounced?
...
Answer:
/ˈhjuːmΙ™naΙͺz /

vi. If we say Every person should have the sense of humanity, which meaning of ‘humanity’ is applied?
...
Answer:
The quality of being kind to people and animals by making sure that they do not suffer more than is necessary / the quality of being humane

b. Arrange the following words in alphabetical order.

i. advance analysis amuse assure allergy attain aid anxiety acute agreement
...
Answer:
acute, advance, agreement, aid, allergy, amuse, analysis, anxiety, assure, attain

ii. smoke small smart speaking smelling smoothly smuggler smashed smearing smallpox
...
Answer:
small, smallpox, smart, smashed,speaking, smearing, smelling, smoke, smoothly, smuggler,

iii. terminal terminate terminology termite terms terrace terrible terribly
...
Answer:
terminal, terminate, terminology, terms, terrace, terrible, territory, terror

Comprehension

Answer the following questions.

a. Why did the speaker receive thousands of good-wishes cards and gifts from all over the world?
...
Answer:
The speaker received thousands of good-wishes cards and gifts from all over the world to wish her a fast recovery (from injury) and a new life.

b. According to the speaker, what are hundreds of human rights activists and social workers struggling for?
...
Answer:
According to the speaker, hundreds of human rights activists and social workers are struggling for achieving their goals of education, peace and equality.

c. What has she learnt from Gandhi?
...
Answer:
She has learnt the philosophy of non-violence from Gandhi.

d. In what sense is peace necessary for education?
...
Answer:
Wars and conflicts stop children to go to their schools. So, peace is necessary for education.

e. According to the speaker, what are the main problems faced by both men and women?
...
Answer:
According to the speaker, poverty, ignorance, injustice, racism and the deprivation of basic rights are the main problems faced by both men and women.

f. What is Malala calling upon all governments?
...
Answer:
Malala is calling upon all governments to ensure free compulsory education for every child all over the world, to fight against terrorism and violence, and to protect children from brutality and harm.

g. What is the main message of this speech?
...
Answer:
There should be a global struggle against illiteracy, poverty and terrorism and education is the only solution.


Go to Part 2

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