Sunday, June 5, 2022

NEB Grade XII Compulsory English Note | Language Development | Unit- 1 Know Thyself

Unit:1

NEB Grade XII Compulsory English Note | Unit 1 | Know Thyself

Know Thyself

Working with words

A. Find the words from the text that match with the following meanings.

a. shuffling- walking by dragging one's feet along or without lifting them fully from the ground

b. doodling- drawing pictures or patterns while thinking about something else

c. plaque- a piece of flat metal with writing on it

d. precept- a general rule intended to regulate behaviour or thought

e. sneak - move or go in a furtive or stealthy way

Comprehension

Answer the following questions.

a. Who was Jack? How did he make children laugh?

Jack was one of the author’s classmates. He made children laugh cracking jokes.

b.Why are “Sharks” important to Reid?

Sharks are important to Reid because they eat dead things in the ocean.

c. What does Mr. Browne think about the most important thing?

Mr. Browne thinks that the most important thing is asking the question ‘who are we? Ourselves all the time.

d. What is that has not been noticed by the student?

The plaque next to the door of the school has not been noticed by the students.

e. How did Jack make fun of the English class?

Jack made fun of the English class as he responded his teacher saying they were in the classroom to learn English.

f. What were the students going to do at the end of the month?

The students were going to write an essay about what precepts mean to them.

g. What particular act of students surprised a girl student?

Students coming up with their personal precept written on a postcard, and mailed it to the author from wherever they go on their summer vacation.

Critical thinking

b. According to Josh Lanyon, “If there was one life skill everyone on the planet needed, it was the ability to think with critical objectivity.” Justify this statement with your logic.

Critical thinking refers to the act of evaluating situations with specific analysis to form a reasonable judgment. It is a well-organized process of actively and skillfully analyzing, evaluating and conceptualizing information gathered by observation and reasoning. Josh Lanyon’s given message carries the great significance of possessing the skill of critical thinking in every individual.


We usually have multiple options to be faced. Every option usually leads us to a complex dilemma. The skill of critical thinking gives us an opportunity to form creative ideas having a potential to face the dilemma comfortably. It often helps a person come up with a solution that no one else has thought before. Thus, this skill not only helps us to become an efficient problem-solver but also improves our skill of deciding better choices.


Critical thinking allows an individual to be independent with regard to decision making. This ability makes us understand the situations using the given facts or information. When we are capable of creating appropriate decisions, we don’t need to depend ourselves on others. Once we are able to figure out problems, make good choices, and have a broad perspective in every issue, the most probable result is that our life will become less complicated.


This important skill is within us. We ought to practice using it in a beneficial way and improve the way we think today. Especially some decisions, even a simple one, can change everything we know or believe. Without this series of thoughts, solving complex problems will be impossible to each one of us.

Grammar

Question tag

B. Rewrite the following sentences adding appropriate question tag.

a. Gill does not know Ann, does he?

b. I’m very patient, aren’t I?

c. They’d never met me before, had they?

d. Listen carefully, will you?

e. Let’s have a break, shall we?

f. Let us invite them, will you?

g. Hari used to live in France as a boy, didn’t he?

h. You’d better not take a hard drink, had you?

i. Sheep eat grass, don’t they?

j. Mr. Pande can speak nine languages, can’t he?

k. She’s finished her classes, hasn’t she?

l. She barely managed to reach the goal, did she?

m. Don’t let him swim in that pond, will you?

n. There are lots of people here, aren’t there?

C. Read the following situations. What do you say in these situations? Use question tags.

a. The sky is full of cloud. You can see lightning and hear thunder.

It’s going to rain soon, isn’t it?

b. You want to pay the taxi fare but you are short by 100 rupees.

Shyam, lend me 100 rupees, will you?

c. You have met a stranger at a party and you want to have a chat with him/ her.

Let’s have a talk for a while, shall we?

d. You came out of the film hall with your friend. You enjoyed the film.

The film was very interesting, isn’t it?

e. You and your friend listened to a comedian on the stage and felt spellbound by his/her performance.

He gave an excellent performance, didn’t he?

f. You think your friend’s father has arrived from the US but you are not sure.

Your father might have arrived from the USA, mightn’t he?

g. You think Susan will join the new job tomorrow but you are not sure.

Susan may join the job tomorrow, mayn’t he?

h. Your friend’s hair looks too short.

You have got your hair trimmed, haven’t you?

i. You want to go for a picnic with your friends in class.

Let’s go for a picnic, shall we?

j. You want permission from your father to go for a walk.

Let me go for a walk, will you?

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